In the framework of “PEC International training programs”, a training on broiler farm management has been organized in South Sulawesie, Indonesia and conducted by Bertus Bronkhorst.
Most chicken meat in Indonesia is produced by small scale broiler farms (3,000 – 10,000 broilers) in open houses. To meet the increasing demandfrom urban consumers the broiler production sector is expected to double its output over the coming five years . this will be done by increasing the production capacity and by optimizing the current productivity levels. Improved productivity will lead to higher levels of production and turnover. It will give farmers opportunities to increase their net income, ensures a better use of the available resources and will improve the animal welfare.
Most (90 %) of the broilers are produced in “open-houses”. These are mostly wooden houses with bamboo slats, open ( drink)water systems and non-optimal ventilation systems.
Broiler farmers in South Sulawesi face several challenges. Including;
- Availability and quality of the day-old chicks
- High mortality rates due to improper brooding management
- Inappropriate water supply and ventilation systems
- Low bio-security levels and high antibiotics use
- To install new equipment at a selected broiler farm nearby Makassar, South Sulawesi: - Newclosed water system ( nipple system): Impex, the Netherlands - New heating system, gas heaters;Gasolec, the Netherlands - New ventilation system, ( tunnel ventilation); Impex the Netherlands
- To train a selected group of broilers farmers on 1) improvement of broiler farm management and 2) using effectively the new installed technology
- To create awareness about modern poultry management, including food safety aspects, animal welfare-, and environmental topics
The training was held from 9-13 March 2018 and was organized at the farm of Mr Irwan. Mr Irwan is an independent broiler farmer with ten years of experience in broiler farming. The broilers house (8m x 40m) has a capacity of approx. 3,500 broilers. Prior the training the following new equipment has been installed, in order to transfer the existing (“open sided”) broiler house into a “semi – closed” house
- Curtains ( manual operated) were installed at the two open sides of the broiler house
- Four fans are installed in the rear part of the broiler house
- A new heating system, infra-red gas heaters
- Two lines of a drink nipple system
- During the training a time switch has been installed to implement a new light program
As agreed with Mr Irwan, poultry farmer, the first training was organized during the second batch of broilers using the new equipment. This did enable the farmer to develop his own experience how to manage the new equipment.
This training (4 days) focused on the following subject matters:
- General broiler farm management aspects
- Quality aspects of day-old chicks
- Brooding management ( first week management)
- Preparing the brooding area
- Principles of ventilation and climate control
- How to measure the climate in broiler houses.
- Recording of production data
- How to use/manage the new installed equipment
- Carcass quality aspects and uniformity analysis of broiler flocks
The training was held at the venue of Mr Irwan’s house and broiler farm. The training consists of theoretical introductions/presentations, practical sessions and assignments. The number of participants was 17, mainly neighboring broiler farmers. Every morning a reflection session was held as well. The farmers were very eager to learn about the new received information and new technology installed at Mr Irwan’s broilers house. During the evaluation it was concluded that a lot of the new information can be implemented in their home situation immediately and that they will explore opportunities to purchase similar equipment in order to increase the production efficiency. Furthermore the participants expressed their need for a second training, especially on topics not yet discussed during this sessions.
The participants, 17 in total, followed the entire program and especially the practical sessions were evaluated as being very efficient. New information and probably similar new equipment will be implemented in their home situation. Finally it has been concluded that similar training programs are very much needed for other farmers’ groups in Sulawesi as well, in order to fill the gap between the current broiler management level in Sulawesi and the level in other area’s in Indonesia.